Kadıköy…

Kadıköy’ün kuruluşu İstanbul’un kuruluşundan çok eski yıllara dayanır. Fikirtepe’de 1942 ile 1952 yılları arasında yapılan kazılarda MÖ 3000 yıllarına ait aletler ve insan iskeletleri bulunmuştur. Ayrıca balık, köpek, koyun, keçi kemiklerine rastlanmıştır. Bulunan araçlar arasında taştan çekiç, kemik, keramik, taş ağırşakları, bronz eserler, inci taneleri, firuze taşından eserler de vardır. Moda Burnu’nda Kalkedon kentinde Fenikelilerden kalma kandiller, vazo kırıkları, öküz heykeli, pişirilmiş balçıktan sakallı erkek başı, Kalkedonya Kitabesi’nin yazıldığı bronz levha bulunmuştur.

Fikirtepe’deki Karhadon, Moda Burunu’ndaki Kalkedon kentleri, Fenikelilerin Karadeniz kıyılarında kurdukları kentlere hareket ermek için durma, gereksinimlerini tamamlama merkeziydi.

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Kadıköy is an older settlement than most of those on the Asian side of the city of İstanbul. Relics dating to 5500-3500 BC (Chalcolithic period) have been found at the Fikirtepe Mound, and articles of stone, bone, ceramic, jewelry and bronze show that there has been a continuous settlement since prehistoric times. A port settlement dating from the Phoenicians has also been discovered. Chalcedon was the first settlement which the Greeks from Megara established on the Bosphorus, in 685 BC, a few years before they established Byzantium on the other side of the strait in 667 BC. Chalcedon became known as the ‘city of the blind’, the story being that Byzantium was founded following a prophecy that a great capital would be built ‘opposite the city of the blind’ (meaning that the people of Chalcedon must have been blind not to see the obvious value of the peninsula on the Golden Horn as a natural defensive harbour).

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Foto by @omergulas_

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